Have you ever considered that taking your dog for a seemingly harmless could put him in grave danger? When you are out there with your dog on a leash, every step you take and leap your dog makes puts him at risk. From the ball your dog shares with another dog to the feces on the side of the road and a head scratch from a dog owner, any situation can cause parvo. Parvo is a deadly canine virus that attacks the nervous system of dogs. There’s no cure for it. If not treated in time or correctly, it can lead to death. Even a handshake with a dog owner whose dog has parvo can also infect your dog with the virus when you pet him. Parvo can even transmit via a head scratch from a dog owner
Hence, you must vaccinate your dog ASAP before the unthinkable happens.
Relation Between Parvo and Dog Age
While puppies are the most susceptible to parvo, adult dogs can still get the virus. Any dog that hasn’t been properly vaccinated is at risk. The good news is that if an adult dog contracts parvo, they are usually much better equipped to handle it than a puppy.
Adult dogs typically only experience mild symptoms if they contract parvo, and their immune systems can often fight off the virus without any medical intervention. However, puppies and older dogs with weakened immune systems are much more likely to experience severe symptoms and may even require hospitalization.
What Is Parvo?
Parvo is a highly contagious virus that primarily affects puppies and young dogs. The virus attacks the gastrointestinal tract, causing vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration. Parvo is most commonly spread through contact with infected feces but can also be spread through contact with contaminated soil or objects.
Symptoms of Parvo in Dogs
The symptoms of parvo can vary, but the most common include:
- Loss of Appetite
- Weight Loss
What Happens During Parvo
Once your puppy or dog is infected, the incubation period begins, usually from 3 to 7 days before the first symptom appears. The virus travels in the bloodstream, targets dividing cells, affects the bone marrow, and damages the small intestine. In puppies, parvo infects the heart and causes inflammation, arrhythmias, and poor heart function.
The virus attacks the body from every angle and destroys the immune system, causing the white blood cell count to drop. It finally reaches the gastrointestinal tract, causing its worst damage.
Treatment for Dogs With Parvo
There is no specific cure for parvo, but treatment focuses on supportive care to help the dog recover. This may include IV fluids to prevent dehydration, antibiotics to fight secondary infections, and anti-nausea medication to control vomiting. Puppies and dogs with severe symptoms may need to be hospitalized for treatment.
Prevention of Parvo in Dogs
The best way to prevent parvo is to ensure your dog is properly vaccinated. Puppies should receive their first set of vaccinations at around 6-8 weeks old and should have a booster shot every 3-4 weeks until they’re 16 weeks old. After that, they’ll need an annual booster shot to stay protected.
In addition to vaccination, you can help prevent the spread of parvo by keeping your dog away from areas where the virus is known to be present. This includes avoiding contact with other dogs that may be sick and not letting your dog roam off-leash in public places. If you suspect your dog has been exposed
Treatment for Older Dogs With Parvo
Older dogs that contract parvo usually have a much milder form of the virus and will recover without any specific treatment. However, you need to take your dog to the vet as soon as you notice any symptoms, as the virus can still be deadly in some cases.
The main concern with older dogs is preventing dehydration, which can lead to organ failure and death. Therefore, ensure your dog has access to plenty of fresh water and is not vomiting or having diarrhea. If your dog shows both symptoms, replace the fluids he is losing by giving him small amounts of water or an electrolyte solution every few hours.
How Long Does Parvo Last In Puppies?
Puppies with parvo are considered contagious from when they start showing symptoms until a veterinarian has cleared them. This is typically around two weeks after the initial onset of symptoms. During this time, it is important to keep your puppy away from other dogs to prevent the spread of the virus.
While there is no guarantee that your puppy will not contract parvo again, the chances are very low. Most puppies that have recovered from the virus can build up a resistance to it and will not get sick again. However, there is always a small risk that your puppy could contract a different strain of the virus, so you should continue following precautionary measures even after he has recovered.
What Are the Chances of a Dog Dying From Parvo?
Unfortunately, the chances of a dog dying from parvo are quite high. According to the American Kennel Club, around 30% of puppies who contract the virus will die from it. This is due to the fact that puppies have much weaker immune systems than adult dogs and are therefore more susceptible to the virus.
Does Parvo Affect Blood Sugar Level?
There is no direct link between parvo and blood sugar levels in dogs. However, the virus can cause dehydration, which can, in turn, lead to low blood sugar levels.
If you notice that your dog’s blood sugar levels are dropping, give him small amounts of food or an electrolyte solution every few hours. You can also rub molasses on his gums. This will prevent his blood sugar levels from dropping too low and potentially causing seizures or coma.
Homeopathic Remedies for Parvo
You can use various homeopathic remedies to treat parvo in dogs. However, it is essential to note that these remedies should only be used in addition to traditional medical treatment and not as a replacement.
Some of the most popular homeopathic remedies for parvo include:
- Aconitum Napellus:This remedy is typically used for puppies experiencing their first bout of parvo. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, anxiety, and fever.
- Arsenicum Album:This remedy is often used for puppies with severe vomiting and diarrhea. Other symptoms include dehydration, weakness, and collapse.
- Sulfur:This remedy is often used for puppies suffering from severe diarrhea. Other symptoms include vomiting, weakness, and fever.
If you are considering using a homeopathic remedy for your dog’s parvo, you must consult with a veterinarian first. This is because some remedies can make the virus worse when incorrectly.
As you can see, there is much to know about parvo in dogs. This virus can be deadly, especially in puppies, but with prompt treatment and care, most dogs will fully recover. If you think your dog may have parvo, take him to the vet immediately. Early detection and treatment are the keys to preventing serious complications from the virus.